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Research Article

L’Interaction Du Profil Intellectuel et de la Turbulence A L’École Primaire Comme Prédicteur de la Délinquance Autorévélée

Authors:

Serge Larivee ,

750, Boulevard Gouinest Montréal, Québec, H2C 1A6, CA
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Sophie Parent,

750, Boulevard Gouinest Montréal, Québec, H2C 1A6, CA
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Pierre Charlebois,

750, Boulevard Gouinest Montréal, Québec, H2C 1A6, CA
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Claude Gagnon,

750, Boulevard Gouinest Montréal, Québec, H2C 1A6, CA
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Marc LeBlanc,

750, Boulevard Gouinest Montréal, Québec, H2C 1A6, CA
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Richard E. Tremblay

750, Boulevard Gouinest Montréal, Québec, H2C 1A6, CA
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Abstract

[The Interaction Between the Intellectual Profile and Disruptiveness at the Primary School as a Predictor of Self-Reported Delinquency]

 

This study has two goals. The first is to describe the intellectual profile (VOC-Vocabulary; BD-Block Design; GIQ-Global IQ; PIQ-VIQ discrepancy) of boys rated disruptive (DK) or non-disruptive (NDK) at kindergarten as a function of the stability of their disruptive behaviors during the first four primary school years. The second goal is to test the predictive value of both intellectual profile and disruptiveness, separately or combined, with regard to three different scales of 10-year-old self-reported delinquency (robbery, aggression, and severe delinquency). Seventy-three DK boys and 44 NDK boys were selected from a larger sample of 1161 boys coming from 54 kindergartens located in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas of Montreal. They were all evaluated using the Preschool Behaviour Questionnaire. DK boys disruptive ness scores were over the 70th percentile and NDK boys scores were under the 70th percentile. Results show a significantly different intellectual profile for DK and NDK boys: VOC and GIQ scores are lower for DK boys while the PIQ-VIQ discrepancy is higher and BD scores are similar. On the other hand, the stability of disruptive behaviors was not related to the intellectual profile. Analyses related to the prediction of delinquency showed 1) that disruptiveness alone contributes significantly to the prediction of aggression only, 2) that VOC, considered separately or in combination with disruptiveness, is a good predictor of severe delinquency, and 3) that the PIQ-VIQ discrepancy combined with disruptiveness is a good predictor of robbery. Results are discussed in light of Vygotsky’s theory of intellectual development. Concluding remarks focus on the importance of early cognitive training programs in the prevention of psychosocial maladaptation in high-risk populations.

How to Cite: Larivee, S., Parent, S., Charlebois, P., Gagnon, C., LeBlanc, M. and Tremblay, R.E., 1994. L’Interaction Du Profil Intellectuel et de la Turbulence A L’École Primaire Comme Prédicteur de la Délinquance Autorévélée. Psychologica Belgica, 34(1), pp.1–31. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/pb.859
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Published on 01 Jan 1994.
Peer Reviewed

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