Previous experiments indicated that the repetition of responses called “Right” and “Wrong” was influenced by the preceding number of “Right” and “Wrong” responses: When the subjects were not able to recall the outcome, they were assumed to guess the outcome and repeal the response as a function of the number of preceding outcomes. Accordingly, their general impression about the relative number of “Right” and “Wrong” responses should mediate the subsequent response repetition. Correlations between the reported number of outcomes and the subsequent response repetition fail to substantiate the idea (Experiment 1). Experiments 2-5 tried to increase the correlations by reminding the subjects’ responses on Trial 2. by taking into account the expectations before Trial 1, and by increasing the between-subjects variability: All attempts failed, Two explanations are put forward : Either Thorndike’s view about the automatic action of reward was correct, or requiring the subjects to report the number of received outcomes is an inappropriate method to monitor higher-order cognitive processes.
How to Cite:
d’Ydewalle, G., 1978. The Reported Number and the Repetition of “Right” and “Wrong” Responses. Psychologica Belgica, 18(2), pp.160–181. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/pb.631