[Affective and Descriptive Structures in Space Impressions Ratings]
The analysis of the associative distribution among adjectives describing space impressions, in a semantic differential, is carried out in order to learn I. the kind of spontaneous affective organization within the natural language of space impressions, and 2. whether some other kind of configuration appears, probably less affective and more descriptive, when the affective component of the meaning process is tempered by neutralizing purely affective scales in the inter-scales correlation matrix of the semantic differential. A French natural-spaces differential was composed of 40 concepts (Tab. 3) rated by 48 subjects on 42 bipolar scales (Tab. I), nine of which are purely affective, pancultural ones; another French built-spaces differential was composed of 40 concepts (Tab. 4) rated by 50 subjects on 41 bipolar scales (Tab. 2). nine of which are the same pancultural ones. Factor analysis of the intercorrelation matrices yields the components of the fundamental affective meaning structure, with some topical variants: one Evaluation factor, two Potency factors (Control and Volume), and one Activity factor (Fertility) within natural spaces, on the one hand (Tab. 5); and one Evaluation factor, one Potency factor (Volume), and two Activity factors (Density and Modernity) within built spaces, on the other hand (Tab 6). When the affective scales of the semantic differential are neutralized, the resulting factorial structures yield specific factors, more or less equivalent in variance, but less concentrated in the semantic space, and still composed of homogeneous scales (Tab. 7 & 8). The results are evaluated against the representational mediation theory from which the measurement model is derived, with respect to the survival function, in the evolutionary sense, of the meaning components. There is some evidence that the human subject makes an implicit reference to some categories when forming impressions of space, as if he naturally possessed some “shared implicit cultural theory of space" that would not seem incompatible with some ecological propositions.
How to Cite:
Hogenraad, R. and Simon, J., 1977. Structures Affective et Descriptive Dans Les Jugements Depressions de L’espace. Psychologica Belgica, 17(1), pp.5–23. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/pb.605