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Research Article

A Factor-Analytical Comparison of Fantasy and Questionnaire Measurements of Achievement-Related Motives

Authors:

Eric De Bruyn ,

Centrum voor Psychodiagnostiek, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, BE
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Juul Stinissen

Centrum voor Psychodiagnostiek, Tiensestraat 102, 3000 Leuven, BE
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Abstract

Two factor analyses were carried out on total and item scores respectively of several fantasy (TAT) and questionnaire measurements of achievement-related motives. Five dimensions were hypothesized to describe the relationships between the various measurements: two kinds of questionnaire achievement motives, one questionnaire fear of failure motive and two projective motives: respectively, the motive to attain success and the motive to avoid failure. Subjects were 243 high school girls of the last year of eight different schools factor analysis of scores confirmed the five hypothesized factors and supported the construct validity of both the McClelland and Arnold projective system for scoring the achievement content of stories. Factor analysis of questionnaire items yielded the following dimensions: personal versus social need achievement, scholastic achievement anxiety versus intelligence test anxiety, and personal risk anxiety. Contrary to former research in the field, no clearcut physiological factor could be detected.
How to Cite: De Bruyn, E. and Stinissen, J., 1975. A Factor-Analytical Comparison of Fantasy and Questionnaire Measurements of Achievement-Related Motives. Psychologica Belgica, 15(1), pp.1–10. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/pb.565
Published on 01 Jan 1975.
Peer Reviewed

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