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Reading: Construction and Validation of the Self-Conscious Emotions at Work Scale

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Research Article

Construction and Validation of the Self-Conscious Emotions at Work Scale

Authors:

Hans Groenvynck ,

Department of Personnel Management, Work and Organisational Psychology, Ghent University, BE
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Let Dillen,

Department of Personnel Management, Work and Organisational Psychology, Ghent University, BE
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Johnny J.R Fontaine

Department of Personnel Management, Work and Organisational Psychology, Ghent University, BE
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Abstract

The present study reports on the construction and validation of a new assessment instrument for self-conscious emotions in the work context, namely the Self-Conscious Emotions at Work Scale (SCEWS). In eight typical self-conscious work scenarios respondents have to indicate their emotional reaction in terms of 20 appraisals, subjective experiences, and action tendencies that are relevant and representative for the domain of self-conscious emotions. In total 512 students and 467 working adults completed the SCEWS and reported the frequency of positive emotions, anger, anxiety and sadness. In both samples a three-factorial structure emerged with a guilt, a shame/humiliation, and an anger in self-conscious situations factor. These three self-conscious emotion factors correlated differentially and in a predicted way with the frequency of emotions. Guilt-proneness was predicted to be psychologically constructive and correlated to the frequency of positive emotions. The proneness to shame/humiliation was expected to relate to internalising psychopathological tendencies, and positively correlated to a frequency of anxiety and sadness. Proneness to anger in self-conscious situations was expected to relate to externalising psychopathological tendencies and correlated with the frequency of anger in general. The present study demonstrates that self-conscious emotions can be validly measured in the work context. The new instrument allows for the systematic study of the role of self-conscious emotions in work and organisational behaviour.
How to Cite: Groenvynck, H., Dillen, L. & Fontaine, J.J.R., (2011). Construction and Validation of the Self-Conscious Emotions at Work Scale. Psychologica Belgica. 51(3-4), pp.251–274. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/pb-51-3-4-251
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Published on 01 Nov 2011.
Peer Reviewed

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